When is the surgical procedure required?
This procedure is usually performed in patients with malignant or premalignant changes of the cervix. In cases of minor changes in the uterine cervix, it might be even the final therapy.
What does the surgery include?
A cone-shaped removal of the cervical tissue is performed under general anaesthesia. The base of the cone consists of the external surface of the uterine cervix, where the apex of the cone reaches up to the internal orifice of the uterine cervix.
How to get prepared?
Day before surgery a patient should eat light food and stop smoking and drinking alcohol and not take anything orally after a night’s sleep. After the surgery any physical effort should be avoid. A light vaginal bleeding may last for a week, but a brown discharge might be observed even up to three weeks following the procedure. A patient is to avoid using tampons, alcohol in the next 24 hours , sexual intercourse and swimming in the sea or public pools for the next three weeks.
Related tests and examinations:
Physical examination performed by gynecologist and related Pap smear test, HPV typing test, colposcopy, biopsy with histopathological diagnosis. Physical examination and tests indicated by the anaesthesiologist (laboratory tests, ECG, heart and lung X-ray scan, physical examination by other specialist) should be performed.